For centuries, the interior of Iceland was virtually inaccessible. Via the mountain roads Kjölur and Sprengisandur, the untouched wilderness of Iceland's mountainous centre is now open to the general public—for cautious exploration by foot or 4x4 vehicles—in the summer months. The highlands of Iceland are an untamed mingling of rocky deserts, jagged peaks, volcanoes, ice caps, valleys, and hot springs, that should be explored at all times with respect, care and preparatory measures. The highlands cover almost all of Iceland’s interior or about 42.000 km2, which is about 40% of the country.
The whole of the area is inhabitable both due to its geological positioning, over 500 m above sea level, and lack of soil. Despite this fact, the landscape of the highlands is quite diverse. A big part of the area is located on an active volcanic belt, so hot springs, volcanoes and lava fields make up a big part of the scenery. But most of the glaciers of Iceland are also located within the territory so glacier rivers, waterfalls and gorges are also noticeable part of the region. The highlands of Iceland are very hard to access during the wintertime and highland roads are usually closed to traffic until the middle of June and then you still need a 4×4 vehicle to travel safely over the interior.