The Tsum Valley is located in northern part of Gorkha district. In Tsum valley in 8th century, Buddhist saint Padmasambhava come and create beyuls as a refuges for people fleeing from the adverse effects of war, famine or religious persecution. The Tsum valley was opened in 2002 AD. Nowadays it is becoming more popular trekking.
Tsum valley trek goes to the sacred Himalayan pilgrimage valley situated in the trans-Himalayan region behind Mt. Manaslu and set against the majestic backdrop of the Ganesh Himal (7,422m), Sringi HImal (7,187m) and Buddha Himal (6,672m). Tsum comes from the Tibetan word “Tsombo”, which means vivid. Its natural beauty and richness in Tibetan art, culture and religion make it a unique and vivid destination, as its name implies. The local people are mostly of Tibetan origin and speak a unique dialect. Tsum Valley Trek trails are strewn with artistic Chortens and lined with mani walls made of thousands of stone slabs carved with deities and prayers. Tsum Valley Trek has a long history of Buddhism. Tsum Valley was a restricted area until it was opened for trekking in 2008 and there is a little information available on the area.
Tsum Valley Trek is drained by the Shear Khola, which originates from the western glacier of Ganesh Himal and east and southern glaciers of Sringi Himal and meets the Budhi Gandaki at Nyak.
Tsum Valley Trek is uniquely rich in wildlife, especially the Himalayan Thar and Blue Sheep which congregates in herds of 50 to 200. Hunting, fishing is not permitted in the Tsum Valley. The valley also boasts some unique and historic monasteries, including Rachen Gumba and Mu Gumba, which lie on a pretty plateau nestled in the lap of the valley, and Gumba Lungdang, situated at the base of a conical hill against the main slope of Ganesh Himal.
The Tsum Valley region is still less exposed in comparison to other tourist areas, with relatively virgin and less beaten paths in comparison to the more popular regions. The Tsum people have their own way of family life, which may be quite surprising for many outsiders. All the brothers in the family are married to a single girl, what you may call a practice of polyandry. Compared with other areas, The Tsum Valley and Manaslu area is full of imminent mountains, passes, deep gorges, hamlets, gompas, chortens, and mani walls.